Traditional Cuban Folkdance


Danzon

It was the 1877 when the musician from Matanzas Miguel Failde created the danzon, nowadays considered the National cuban dance. The danzon is a sweet ballroom dance in which the men are dancing with shirt and tie, while women wear elegant fan dress. From the music point of view, the introduction is the most important part of the dance and it’s the reproduction of the beginning of the music every 32 bars.





Danzonete

It’ the first hier of danzon, but with danzonete the dance becomes less stiff than the “continental” one, giving speed and softness to mouvements. Born with the purpose of let more and more people dance, it was created by the Cuban musician Aniceto Diaz. The first piece was presented in the famous Casinò Espanol de Matanzas in 1929.



Son

With the development of son, both the rhythm and the sensuality of the music become more relevant. The origin of this dance can’t be associated with any name, just different bands that, as the time passed, became well known for having made famous this musical genre. Amongst them, the Jazz band of Beny More, better known as Hooligan of the rhythm.



Cha Cha Cha

When the habanero musician Enrique Jorrin created this dance, he disdn’t have to think twice about the name to give to it: that cha cha cha that the shoes were making during the dance was perfect to give the idea of the whole energy and the rhythm of this dance, nowadays famous all around the world. The success was renovated also in the home land where cha cha cha was considered to be so funnier and the more free than all the Cuban ones, that also women sere allowed to sing on its music The very first woman was Paulina Alvarez.



Mambo

Its unresistible rhythm is famous all over the world, but Cuba is the belonging countey of mambo, taht saw in the musician from Matanzas Damaso Perez Prado, known as El re del Mambo, its creator. But it was thanks to Oreste Lopez that this dance were transformed into a proper dance of the Cuban people, making it famous on the Isle. Los mambos who are the most famous ones are El Mambo 5, El Mambo 8 and El Caballo.



Pilon

Pilon is one of the nuevos ritmos that were born in Cuba between the 50’s and the 60’s. It became popular in the 60’s by the singer Pachi Alonso and his group “Los Bacucos”. The pilon dance combines some elements of the Iyesà dances in a son structure. It takes its name of the mortar used to press the coffee because the dancers imitate the mouvements that the farmers do while pressing coffee.



Mozambique

This mixed style was created in the 60’s by the hanareno percussionist Pedro Izquierdo, called Pello el Afrokan. Mozambique is able to combine the conga fe comparsa habanera with other dances of African origin, rumba, for example. Characterized by fast and syncopatic rhythm and by sounds clearly heritated by conga.